Misophonia: What It Is, Triggers, Symptoms & Treatment

In a world filled with various sounds and noises, some people experience a unique and often overwhelming condition known as misophonia. This article will delve into the details of misophonia, exploring what it is, its triggers, symptoms, and available treatments. If you’ve ever found yourself reacting intensely to certain sounds, you might be experiencing misophonia without even knowing it. Let’s unravel this intriguing phenomenon.


Misophonia, a term coined by Jastreboff and Jastreboff in 2001, is a relatively lesser-known condition characterized by strong emotional and physiological reactions to specific sounds. These sounds, often referred to as “trigger sounds,” can lead to intense discomfort, anger, and anxiety in individuals with misophonia.

Understanding Misophonia

2.1 Definition

Misophonia literally means “hatred of sound.” It goes beyond simple irritation at annoying noises; it involves a visceral and involuntary reaction to certain auditory stimuli. These triggers can be common sounds that most people overlook but become unbearable for those with misophonia.

2.2 Prevalence

Misophonia is more common than one might think. While exact prevalence rates vary, research suggests that it affects a significant portion of the population. However, due to a lack of awareness, many individuals may not recognize their condition as misophonia.

Common Triggers

Misophonia triggers can vary from person to person, but some are more prevalent than others.

3.1 Repetitive Noises

Repetitive noises like pen-clicking, finger tapping, or the sound of a clock ticking can set off individuals with misophonia. These sounds can be particularly disruptive in quiet environments.

3.2 Mouth Sounds

One of the most notorious triggers is the sound of chewing, slurping, or lip-smacking during meals. Even the thought of these sounds can induce anxiety in individuals with misophonia.

3.3 Breathing Sounds

The sound of heavy breathing or sniffling can be intolerable for some. Quiet places like libraries or offices can turn into minefields for misophonia sufferers.

3.4 Eating Noises

Misophonia can make dining with family or friends challenging, as the sounds of cutlery against plates or the rustling of food wrappers can be overwhelming.

Symptoms of Misophonia

4.1 Emotional Responses

The emotional responses triggered by misophonia can be intense. Individuals may feel rage, anger, or a strong urge to flee the source of the sound. These emotional reactions can strain relationships and lead to social isolation.

4.2 Physical Reactions

Physiologically, misophonia can manifest as increased heart rate, muscle tension, and sweating. These physical symptoms add to the distress experienced during trigger events.

4.3 Impact on Daily Life

Misophonia can significantly impact daily life, from avoiding social situations to experiencing difficulty concentrating at work or in school.


5.1 Self-Assessment

Recognizing misophonia often begins with self-assessment. If you find yourself consistently reacting strongly to certain sounds, it’s essential to consider the possibility of misophonia.

5.2 Professional Evaluation

A formal diagnosis typically requires evaluation by a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, who specializes in auditory disorders.

Misophonia Treatment Options

6.1 Sound Therapy

Sound therapy involves exposing individuals to trigger sounds in a controlled and gradual manner. Over time, this exposure can desensitize individuals, reducing their reactions to the sounds.

6.2 Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) can help individuals develop coping strategies and change their emotional responses to trigger sounds.

6.3 Medications

In some cases, medications like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be prescribed to manage the emotional symptoms associated with misophonia.

Coping Strategies

7.1 Noise-Canceling Devices

Noise-canceling headphones and earplugs can provide immediate relief in noisy environments, allowing individuals with misophonia to regain control over their auditory experiences.

7.2 Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques

Practicing mindfulness and relaxation techniques can help individuals manage their emotional reactions to trigger sounds.

Living with Misophonia

Living with misophonia requires understanding and support from friends and family. Open communication and empathy can go a long way in helping individuals cope with this condition.

Support and Resources

Various online communities, support groups, and informational websites offer resources and a sense of belonging for those living with misophonia.


Misophonia is a complex condition that can significantly impact an individual’s life. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution, understanding the condition, seeking professional help, and implementing coping strategies can greatly improve the quality of life for individuals with misophonia.


Is misophonia a common condition?

Misophonia is more common than many people realize, affecting a significant portion of the population.

Can misophonia be cured?

While there is no cure, various treatments and coping strategies can help individuals manage their misophonia symptoms effectively.

Are there any medications specifically for misophonia?

Medications like SSRIs may be prescribed to manage the emotional symptoms associated with misophonia, but they do not provide a cure.

How can I support a loved one with misophonia?

Offering understanding, patience, and creating a quiet environment when possible can be immensely helpful.

Where can I find more information and support for misophonia?

Numerous online communities and support groups are available for individuals looking for resources and connection with others facing similar challenges.


  1. Misophonia: Diagnostic Criteria for a New Psychiatric Disorder
    Author: J. Jastreboff & M. Jastreboff
    This seminal paper by the researchers who coined the term “misophonia” provides in-depth insights into the condition, including its definition and diagnostic criteria.
  2. Misophonia: A New Mental Disorder?
    Author: M. Schröder et al.
    This research article explores misophonia as a potential psychiatric disorder, discussing its prevalence and impact on individuals’ lives.
  3. Misophonia: Current Perspectives
    Author: S. Edelstein & L. Brang
    This review article offers a comprehensive overview of current perspectives on misophonia, covering topics such as triggers, symptoms, and treatment options.
  4. Living with Misophonia: An Exploratory Study of the Effects of Misophonia on College Students
    Author: A. Kumar et al.
    This study delves into the real-life experiences of college students with misophonia, shedding light on its effects on daily life and coping mechanisms.
  5. Misophonia Support Groups and Online Communities
    Explore online forums and support groups like the “Misophonia Support Group” on Facebook or the “r/misophonia” subreddit. These communities provide firsthand accounts, tips, and emotional support for individuals dealing with misophonia.

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